Amazing the World with a Single FeatIn the Warring States Period, Duke Wei of Qi neglected state affairs, for the first three years of his reign, giving himself over to dissipation. One of his minister, Chun Yukun who had a good sense of humour, said to him:”There is a big bird which has neigher taken wing nor sung for three years.” The duke answered, “Once that bird starts to fly and sing, it will astonish the world.” The duke thereupon devoted himself to his duties and built his state up into a powerful one.This idiom is used to indicate that a person may rise from obscurity and achieve greatness.战国时代,齐威王即位后作了三年国君,只顾享乐,不理政事。有个善于说笑话的人叫淳于髡,一天对齐威王说:“城里有一只大鸟,三年不飞也不叫,你知道这是什么道理?”齐威王说:“这鸟不飞则罢,一飞就冲天;不鸣则罢,一鸣就惊人。”在淳于髡的激发下,齐威王开始治理国家,取得很大成绩,齐国的声威一直保持了几十年。


       螳螂捕蝉,惊弓之鸟,毛遂自荐,东施效颦,亡羊补牢,掩耳盗铃,画蛇添足,后来居上,南辕北辙,唇亡齿寒,三顾茅庐,黔驴技穷,揠苗助长,滥竽充数,叶公好龙,画龙点睛,画蛇添足,买椟还珠,狐假虎威,走马观花,过河拆桥,愚公移山,害群之马,负荆请罪画蛇添足 掩耳盗铃 亡羊补牢 买椟还珠 守株待兔



        Southern Dynasties of Jiang Yan, word Wen-tung, when he was young, became a Dingdingyouming writer, his poems and articles at the time received high acclaims. However, when he is getting older, he has not previously written an article good, but a lot of setbacks. His poems written in prosaic; and pick up a pen-yin grip for a long time, still can not write a word, the occasional inspiration came; poem written, but the textual Kuse, content, plain were completely useless. So some people to legend, once a boat parked in Chan Jiang Yan-Ling Monastery river and dream of a self-named Zhang Jingyang person; to his followers repay a silk, he would arrest a few feet from her, he is also silk. Thus, his article there will be no wonderful. It was also legend; once the rule of Jiang Yan in the booth sleeping too; dreamed that a person claiming to Guo Pu, walked over to his side, his claim to the pen, said to him: "Man Michie, I have a pen in your place has been a long time, and now should be able to give it to me the bar! "Jiang Yan heard, they dig out from his arms, he is also a five-color pen. Reportedly Since then, Jiang Yan on Evans exhausted and could not write the article in any good.

       Jiang Yan's talent has not really run out, but he was an officer after the one hand, as the Chief busy, on the other hand also because of career proud of, without their own write, to sweat, they did not write the. Over time, the article will bring out less, lacking in talent. (Excerpt from "Practical Writing" 1995 No. 8 "I hope," Jiang "was not exactly")

        南朝的江淹,字文通,他年轻的时候,就成为一个鼎鼎有名的文学家,他的诗和文章在当时获得极高的评价。 可是,当他年纪渐渐大了以后,他的文章不但没有以前写得好了,而且退步不少。他的诗写出来平淡无奇;而且提笔吟握好久,依旧写不出一个字来,偶尔灵感来了;诗写出来了,但文句枯涩,内容 平淡得一无可取。于是就有人传说,有一次江淹乘船停在禅灵寺的河边,梦见一 个自称叫张景阳的人;向他讨还一匹绸缎,他就从怀中拘出几尺绸缎还他。因此,他的文章以后便不精彩了。又有人传说;有一次江淹在冶亭中睡午觉;梦见一个自称郭璞 的人,走到他的身边,向他索笔,对他说:“文通兄,我有一支笔在你那儿已经很久了,现在应该可以还给我了吧!” 江淹听了,就顺手从怀里取出一支五色笔来还他。据说从此以后,江淹就文思枯竭,再也写不出什么好的文章了。



       <<一叶障目>>有个书呆子从古书上读到“蝉翳叶”的故事,信以为真,就四处寻找,把蝉躲藏处的树叶全部摘下,拿回家遮脸作试验,问妻子能不能看见他。妻子气愤说看不见。他就拿这片树叶去街上行窃,被抓后说:“我一叶障目,你们能看见吗?” There is a nerd from the ancient books to read the story of the cicada shade leaves,Believed to look far, the cicadas hiding in the leaves all off,Cover the face as a take-home test, asked his wife can see him. Angry that his wife could not see. He took to the streets to steal this piece of leaf,After being arrested, said: I blinders, you can see it?


       In ancient times there were no donkeys in Guizhou province. Somebody brought a donkey from somewhere and tied it to a tree at the foot of a mountain.

       A tiger saw the donkey, and thought that it must be a fearsome(可怕的) monster. It hide behind a tree and spied on the donkey.

       When the donkey brayed(叫) , the tiger was frightened, thinking that the donkey was about to devour(吞食,毁灭) it. After a while, seeing that the donkey had not moved, the tiger approached it and teased it. The donkey became angry, and kicked the tiger.

       The tiger thought to itself: "Its then all it is capable of?" It then jumped on the donkey and ate it.

       This idiom is used to mean that one has exhauseted one's skills.






       volunteer to do sth/recommend oneself毛遂自荐

        In the Warring States Period, the State of Qin besieged the capital of the State of Zhao.战国时代,秦国军队攻打赵国的都城。

        Duke Pingyuan of Zhao planned to ask the ruler of the State of Chu personally for assistance.He wanted to select a capable man to go with him. 赵国的平原君打算亲自到楚国去请救兵,想挑选一个精明能干的人一同前去。

        A man called Mao Sui volunteered. 有一个名叫毛遂的人,自告奋勇愿意同去。

        When the negotiactions between the two states were stalled because the ruler of Chu hesitated to send troops, Mao Sui approached him, brandishing a sword. At that, the ruler of Chu agreed to help Zhao, against Qin.平原君到楚国后,与楚王谈了半天,没有一点结果。毛遂怒气冲冲地拿着宝剑,逼近楚王,终于迫使楚王答应出兵,与赵国联合共同抵抗秦国。

        This idiom means to recommend oneself.“毛遂自荐”这个成语用来比喻自己推荐自己,不必别人介绍。


        英文中“毛遂自荐”可以说成“volunteer to do sth”,“volunteer”既可以作名词,也可以作动词,作名词时的意思是“志愿者”,作动词就可以解释为“志愿去做什么事”,就是“毛遂自荐”啦~


        Our company volunteered to support and help the victims. 我们的公司毛遂自荐来帮助受灾灾民。

        You can volunteer to work one or multiple shifts。你可以毛遂自荐做单班制,也可以选择多班制。