英文讲成语故事

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1.谁可以用英文叙述“不耻下问”这个成语的典故?

2.用英语说成语故事急,要短的,长的不行

3.揠苗助长(英文版故事)

4.用英文翻译‘刻舟求剑’这个成语故事?

5.英语成语故事 要短一点的 四年级水平 不许抄别人的 包括百度里的

6.六个四字成语及翻译成英语翻译

英文讲成语故事

谁可以用英文叙述“不耻下问”这个成语的典故?

       Fools, idioms, words"论语analects》。".意思为向地位比自己低、学识比自己少的人请教,也不感到羞耻。Meaning to position themselves for than low, scholarship, fewer people than myself consult, also not be ashamed.

       出 处:A place:《论语·公冶长Analects · GongYeChang》子贡zigong问曰:“Ask yue:"孔文子Hole text何以why谓refers之文也?The article also?”子曰:“"Confucius said:"敏而好学Sensitive and eager to learn,不耻下问,是以谓之文也。By asking questions, is the call wen also.”[2]"[2]

       成语故事Idiom story

        春秋Spring and autumn时代的era孔子Confucius是我国伟大的Is our great思想家thinkers、政治家politicians、教育家educator,儒家Confucian学派的创始人。The founders of.历代封建统治者都遵奉他为天生的最有学问的“Successive feudal rulers are receive andobey for his innate most knowledgeable"圣人saint”。然而孔子认为:“余非生而知之者,(无论什么人,包括他自己,都不是生下来就有". However, Confucius said: "YuFei man is born wise or learned, (whether what person, including his own, are not born with学问learning的)”。) ".

        “子入"The son into the太庙Ancestral temple,每事问。And every thing asked.或问:‘孰谓邹人之子知礼乎?Or asked, '" zou is the son of man cometh polite?入太庙,每事问。The ancestral temple, every thing asked.’子闻之,曰:‘是知礼也。"Son, yue:" smell is too polite.'”'"

        太庙,是Ancestral temple,国君monarch的祖庙。The pujiu.孔子去太庙参加鲁国国君Confucius to imperial throne in lu祭祖ancestor-worship的of典礼ceremony。.他一进太庙,就向人问这问那,几乎每一件事都问到了。He entered the ancestral temple, just to ask this question those, almost everything ask arrived.当时有人Did someone讥笑ridiculed他:“谁说‘邹人之子,懂得礼仪?来到太庙,什么事都要问。'”(邹,当时县名,孔子出生地,在今He: "who say 'zou the son of man, know rite? Come ancestral temple, everything asked.'" (zou, when county name, Confucius birthplace, in now山东shandong曲阜qufu县东南十里西邹集。County southeast miles west zou sets.孔子的父亲Confucius's father叔梁纥Uncle liang Ge,做过邹县的县官,所以当时有人管孔子叫“邹人之子”,意即邹县县官的儿子。The magistrate, done zou, so when someone tube Confucius called "zou the son of man", meaning zou county officer's son.))孔子听到人们对他的议论,答道:“我对于不明白的事,每事必问,这恰恰是我要求Confucius hear people say about him, replied: "I don't understand, for every thing will ask, this just is my request知礼polite的表现啊!Performance!”"

        卫国wei大夫孔圉聪明好学,更难得的是他是个非常谦虚的人。The doctor hole take smart studious, more importantly, he is a very modest man.在孔圉死后,卫国国君In the hole take died, wei monarch孔文子Hole text

       为了让后代的人都能学习和发扬他好学的精神,因此特别In order to let offspring can study and develop the spirit of his studious, so special赐given给他一个“文公”的称号。Give him a "wen public" title.后人就尊称他为孔文子。Posterity will your respectful name he is hole text.[3][3]

        子贡问曰:“孔文子何以谓之文也?”Zigong asked yue: "hole text why call wen also?"子曰:“敏而好学,不耻下问,是以谓之文也。”Confucius said: "sensitive and eager to learn by asking questions, is the call wen also."

        孔子的学生子贡也是卫国人,但是他却不认为孔圉配得上那样高的评价。Student of Confucius, zi gong is wei man, but he did not think hole take deserve high as evaluation.有一次,他问孔子说:“孔圉的学问及才华虽然很高,但是比他更杰出的人还很多,凭什么赐给孔圉‘文公’的称号?”Once, he asked the master said: "hole take knowledge and talent although very high, but more than he has many outstanding person, with what give hole take the title of" wen male '?"孔子听了微笑说:“孔圉非常勤奋好学,脑筋聪明又灵活,而且如果有任何不懂的事情,就算对方地位或学问不如他,他都会大方而谦虚的请教,一点都不因此感到羞耻,这就是他难得的地方,因此赐给他‘文公’的称号并不会不恰当”。Confucius heard smiles to say: "hole take very diligent &hard-working, brains smart and flexible, and if there is any don't understand things, even if that person status or learning behind him, he always generous and modest consult, it doesn't seem so ashamed, this is he rarely place, so give him the title of" wen male "will not be appropriate".经过孔子这样的解释,子贡终于After Confucius such explanations, zi gong finally服气Defy spirit了。.[4][4]

        成语“不耻下问”就是从孔子的这句话来的。Idiom "fools" is from Confucius of this sentence.现在我们用来形容一个人谦虚、好学,真诚地向别人提问请教,不耻下问。Now we used to describe a humble, studious, sincere to others questions to ask, fools.

用英语说成语故事急,要短的,长的不行

       volunteer to do sth/recommend oneself毛遂自荐

        In the Warring States Period, the State of Qin besieged the capital of the State of Zhao.战国时代,秦国军队攻打赵国的都城。

        Duke Pingyuan of Zhao planned to ask the ruler of the State of Chu personally for assistance.He wanted to select a capable man to go with him. 赵国的平原君打算亲自到楚国去请救兵,想挑选一个精明能干的人一同前去。

        A man called Mao Sui volunteered. 有一个名叫毛遂的人,自告奋勇愿意同去。

        When the negotiactions between the two states were stalled because the ruler of Chu hesitated to send troops, Mao Sui approached him, brandishing a sword. At that, the ruler of Chu agreed to help Zhao, against Qin.平原君到楚国后,与楚王谈了半天,没有一点结果。毛遂怒气冲冲地拿着宝剑,逼近楚王,终于迫使楚王答应出兵,与赵国联合共同抵抗秦国。

        This idiom means to recommend oneself.“毛遂自荐”这个成语用来比喻自己推荐自己,不必别人介绍。

        文化链接

        英文中“毛遂自荐”可以说成“volunteer to do sth”,“volunteer”既可以作名词,也可以作动词,作名词时的意思是“志愿者”,作动词就可以解释为“志愿去做什么事”,就是“毛遂自荐”啦~

        我们来一起看几个例句吧~

        Our company volunteered to support and help the victims. 我们的公司毛遂自荐来帮助受灾灾民。

        You can volunteer to work one or multiple shifts。你可以毛遂自荐做单班制,也可以选择多班制。

揠苗助长(英文版故事)

       画龙点睛。字面的意思是画龙之后再点上眼睛。这个成语多用于说话写作那么关于它的历史典故是怎样的呢?一起来看看吧:

       Mr. Li is a good painter. One day he draws a beautiful dragon without eyes.

       Mr. Zhou looks at the picture and says, “The dragon has no eyes. It isn’t a good picture.”

       But Mr. Li smiles and says, “If I add eyes to the dragon, it will fly away.”

       Mr. Zhou shakes head and says, “You are boasting. I don’t believe you.”

       Mr. Li isn’t angry. He holds the paintbrush and adds eyes to the dragon. Woe! The dragon really flies.

       李先生是位很好的画家。一天画了一条栩栩如生的龙,但是这只龙没有眼睛。

       周先生见了说:“这条龙没有眼睛。这不算一张好画。”

       可是李先生笑着说:“如果我给它加上眼睛,它就会飞走了。”

       周先生摇头说:“你吹牛。我不相信。”

       李先生也不生气,只是拿起笔给龙点上眼睛。哇!龙真的飞走了。

用英文翻译‘刻舟求剑’这个成语故事?

       揠苗助长(英文版故事)

        揠苗助长(To Pull up the Seedlings to Help Them Grow)

        Once upon a time, an old farmer planted a plot of rice. Everyday he went to the field to watch the seedlings grow. He saw the young shoots break through the soil and grow taller each day. But still, he thought they were growing too slowly. He got impatient with the young plants. "How could the plants grow faster?" He tossed in bed during the night and could not sleep. Suddenly he hit upon an idea. He had an idea not wait for daybreak. He jumped out of the bed and dashed to the field. By the moonlight, he began working on the rice seedlings. One by one, he pulled up the young plants by half an inch. When he finished pulling, it was already morning. Straightening his back, he said to himself, "What a wonderful idea! Look, how much taller the plants have grown one night!" With great satisfaction, he went back home. He told his son what he had done in a triumphant tone. His son was shocked. Now the sun had risen. The young man was heart-broken to see all the pulled-up young plants dying.

        People now use " Ba Miao Zhu Zhang" to describe the behavior of those who are too eager to get something done only to make it worse. The idiom is a bit like the English proverb "Haste makes waste" ------to spoil things by excessive enthusia *** .

        异译

        古时候宋国有个农夫,种了稻苗后,便希望能早早收成。

        每天他到稻田时,发觉那些稻苗长得非常慢。他等得不耐烦,心想:"怎么样才能使稻苗长得高,长很快呢?想了又想,他终了想到一个"最佳方法",就是将稻苗拨高几分。

        经过一番辛劳后,他满意地扛锄头回家休息。然后回去对家里的人表白:"今天可把我累坏了,我帮助庄稼苗长高一大截!"

        他儿子赶快跑到地里去一看,禾苗全都枯死了。

        人们现在用拔苗助长形容急于求成,违法客观规律,只会把事情办坏。成语有点像西方的谚语“欲速则不达”——过度的热情只会把事情办坏

“揠苗助长”的故事形成于

        A

        成语故事·揠苗助长

        [zww./CGZ]

        来源:湖北少年儿童出版社 2004-12-7 10:15:45

        --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

揠(yà)

        这个成语出自《孟子·公孙丑上》。

        春秋时期,宋国有一个农夫,他总是嫌田里的庄稼长得太慢,今天去瞧瞧,明天去看看,觉得禾苗好像总没有长高。他心想:有什么办法能使它们长得高些快些呢?

        有一天,他来到田里,把禾苗一棵一棵地往上拔。一大片禾苗,一棵一棵地拔真费了不少的力气,等他拔完了禾苗,已经累得筋疲力尽了,可是他心里却很高兴。回到家里还夸口说:“今天可把我累坏了,我帮助禾苗长高了好几寸!”他儿子听了,赶忙跑到田里去看,发现田里的禾苗全都已经枯死了。

        “揠苗助长”用来比喻不管事物的发展规律,急于求成,反而把事情弄糟。“揠苗助长”也可写作“拔苗助长”。

        《孟子·公孙丑上》:“宋人有闵其苗之不长而揠之者,茫茫然归,谓其人曰:‘今日病矣,予助苗长矣。’其子趋而往视之,苗则槁矣。”所以选a战国

       

揠苗助长

        成语-揠苗助长

        发 音yà miáo zhù zhǎng

        释 义揠:拔起。把苗拔起,以助其生长。后用来比喻违反事物的发展规律,急于求成,反而坏事。

        出 处先秦·孟轲《孟子·公孙丑上》:“宋人有闵其苗之不长而揠之者,芒芒然归,谓其人曰:'今日病矣,予助苗长矣。'其子趋而往视之,苗则槁矣。”

        近义词 拔苗助长、欲速不达

        用 法 连动式;作主语、宾语;含贬义

        示 例 对学生的教育既不能~,也不能放任自流。

        典 故

        古时候宋国有个农夫,种了稻苗后,便希望能早早收成。

        每天他到稻田时,发觉那些稻苗长得非常慢。他等得不耐烦,心想:"怎么样才能使稻苗长得高,长很快呢?想了又想,他终了想到一个"最佳方法",就是将稻苗拨高几分。

        经过一番辛劳后,他满意地扛锄头回家休息。然后回去对家里的人表白:"今天可把我累坏了,我帮助庄稼苗长高一大截!

        他儿子赶快跑到地里去一看,禾苗全都枯死了。

        寓意客观事物的发展自有它的规律,纯靠良好的愿望和热情够的,很可能效果还会与主观愿望相反。这一寓言还告知一具体道理:"欲速则不达"。

        原文:

        宋人有闵其苗之不长而揠之者,芒芒然归,谓其人曰:“今日病矣!予助苗长矣!”其子趋而往视之,苗则槁矣。天下之不助苗长者寡矣。以为无益而舍之者,不耘苗者也;助之长者,揠苗者也,非徒无益,而又害之。(闵 通:悯)

        B

        任何事物都必须遵循客观规律,否则必将受到惩罚。

        有些家长望子成龙,在周末送孩子上各种各样的补习班,使孩子疲惫不堪。

        寓言故事:自相矛盾,滥竽充数,画龙点睛,守株待兔,买椟还珠,刻舟求剑,郑人买履,黔驴技穷,亡羊补牢

揠苗助长 作文

        揠苗助长

        1. 成语-揠苗助长

        发 音yà miáo zhù zhǎng

        释 义揠:拔起。把苗拔起,以助其生长。

        后用来比喻违反事物的发展规律,急于求成,反而坏事。

        出 处先秦·孟轲《孟子·公孙丑上》

        内容宋人有闵其苗之不长而揠之者,芒芒然归,谓其人曰:“今日病矣,予助苗长矣!”其子趋而往视之,苗则槁矣。

        天下之不助苗长者寡矣!以为无益而舍之者,不耘苗者也;助之长者,揠苗者也;非徒无益,而又害之。

        (译文)古时候宋国有个人,嫌禾苗长得太慢,就一棵棵的往上拔起一点,回家还夸口说:“今天我帮助苗长了!”他儿子听说后,到地里一看,苗都死了。天下不助苗生长的人实在很少啊。以为没有用处而放弃的人,就像是不给禾苗锄草的懒汉。妄自帮助它生长的,就像拔苗助长的人,非但没有好处,反而危害了它。

揠苗助长原文

        本文言文选自《孟子·公孙丑上》 发音yà miáo zhù zhǎng释义揠:拔起。把苗拔起,帮助其生长,后用来比喻违反事物的发展规律,急于求成,反而坏事。 寓意 1、客观事物的发展自有它的规律,纯靠良好的愿望和热情是不够的,很可能效果还会与主观愿望相反。这一寓言还告知一具体道理:"欲速则不达"。 2、人们对于一切事物都必须按照客观规律去发挥自己的主观能动性,才能把事情做好。反之,单凭自己的主观愿望去做,即使有善良的愿望,美好的动机,结果也只能是适得其反。 出处先秦·孟轲《孟子·公孙丑上》 宋人有闵①其苗之不长②而揠③之者,芒芒然归④,谓其人⑤曰:“今日病⑥矣,予⑦助苗长矣!”其子趋⑧而⑨往视之,苗则槁⑩矣。 天下之不助苗长者寡矣!以为无益而舍之者,不耘苗⑾者也;助之长者,揠苗者也;非徒⑿无(13)益,而又害之。(选自《孟子·公孙丑上》) [注释] ⑴闵(mǐn)——同“悯”,担心,忧虑。 ⑵长(zhǎng)——生长,成长。 ⑶揠(yà)——拔。 ⑷芒芒然——疲倦的样子。 ⑸其人——他家里的人。 ⑹病——精疲力尽,是引申义 ⑺予——我,第一人称代词. ⑻趋——快走。 ⑼往——去,到..去。 ⑽槁(gǎo)——草木干枯。 ⑾耘苗:给苗锄草 ⑿非徒——非但。徒,只是。 ⒀益:好处。 ⒁子:儿子 译文古宋国有个人担忧他的禾苗不长就一棵一棵的拔禾苗一天下来十分疲劳,回到家对他的家人说:“今天可把我累坏了,我总算让禾苗一下子就长高了!”他儿子听说后急忙到地里去看苗,然而苗都枯萎了。 天下不犯这种拔苗助长错误的人实在很少啊!以为没有用处而放弃的人,就像是不给禾苗锄草的懒汉。妄自帮助它生长的,就像拔苗助长的人,非但没有好处,反而害了它。先秦·孟轲《孟子·公孙丑上》

        宋人有闵①其苗之不长②而揠③之者,芒芒然归④,谓其人⑤曰:“今日病⑥矣,予⑦助苗长矣!”其子趋⑧而⑨往视之,苗则槁⑩矣。

        天下之不助苗长者寡矣!以为无益而舍之者,不耘苗⑾者也;助之长者,揠苗者也;非徒⑿无(13)益,而又害之。(选自《孟子·公孙丑上》)

        [注释] ⑴闵(mǐn)——同“悯”,担心,忧虑。

        ⑵长(zhǎng)——生长,成长。

        ⑶揠(yà)——拔。

        ⑷芒芒然——疲倦的样子。

        ⑸其人——他家里的人。

        ⑹病——精疲力尽,是引申义

        ⑺予——我,第一人称代词.

        ⑻趋——快走。

        ⑼往——去,到..去。

        ⑽槁(gǎo)——草木干枯。

        ⑾耘苗:给苗锄草

        ⑿非徒——非但。徒,只是。

        ⒀益:好处。 ⒁子:儿子

        译文

        古宋国有个人担忧他的禾苗不长就一棵一棵的拔禾苗一天下来十分疲劳,回到家对他的家人说:“今天可把我累坏了,我总算让禾苗一下子就长高了!”他儿子听说后急忙到地里去看苗,然而苗都枯萎了。 天下不犯这种拔苗助长错误的人实在很少啊!以为没有用处而放弃的人,就像是不给禾苗锄草的懒汉。妄自帮助它生长的,就像拔苗助长的人,非但没有好处,反而害了它。

英语成语故事 要短一点的 四年级水平 不许抄别人的 包括百度里的

       出自:《吕氏春秋·察今》》:“楚人有涉江者,其剑自舟中坠于水,遽契其舟曰:‘是吾剑之所从坠。’舟止,从其所契者入水求之。舟已行矣,而剑不行,求剑若此,不亦惑乎?”Long, long ago, in Chunqu Dynasty of ancient China, a man from Chu state dropped his beautiful well-set sword into the water because of the shake from the boat while he was in the middle of the river ."Oh, God." He cried in dear pity. "What can I do ?" On hearing that, the boatman replied calmly "It doesn't matter. I'm coming to dive for it." But the man from Chu hesitated for a while and said "We can't do that because the water is rapid and deep. But I have a marvelous idea." With these words, he took out his knife and made a mark on one side of the boat where his sword was dropped. "Well, everything is done! " When the boat stopped at the opposite bank, the man undressed himself immediately and dove into the water for his sword from the very place where he had made the mark. Of course, he got nothing. Finally he appeared in the water and murmured: "What's happening? why can't I find my sword from the water just under the mark? " Laughter burst from the passengers. Well, let's end the story with the conclusion: Man should not stick stubbornly to his own opinion, instead he should make changes according to specific conditions. 有一次,一个楚国人坐船过江。船到江心时一个不小心,他失手把心爱的宝剑掉到了水里。好心的船夫愿意帮他捞剑,可是这个楚国人不慌不忙,把掉剑的位置刻在船身上,说:“不用了,等船靠岸后再说吧!”。船靠岸以后,他才请船夫从他刻了记号的船边下水,替他打捞宝剑。但是船一直在走,而剑掉到了水中就不会再移动。就算船夫潜水的本领再高,又怎么可能找到根本不在船下的剑呢?

六个四字成语及翻译成英语翻译

       螳螂捕蝉,惊弓之鸟,毛遂自荐,东施效颦,亡羊补牢,掩耳盗铃,画蛇添足,后来居上,南辕北辙,唇亡齿寒,三顾茅庐,黔驴技穷,揠苗助长,滥竽充数,叶公好龙,画龙点睛,画蛇添足,买椟还珠,狐假虎威,走马观花,过河拆桥,愚公移山,害群之马,负荆请罪画蛇添足 掩耳盗铃 亡羊补牢 买椟还珠 守株待兔

谁有简单的英文成语故事?

       1. 把中国的四字成语故事翻译成英语

        刻舟求剑

        Making His Mark (Ke Zhou Qiu Jian)

        A man from the state of Chu was crossing a river. In the boat, his sword fell into the water. Immediately he made a mark on the boat.

        "This is where my sword fell off," he said.

        When the boat stopped moving, he went into the water to look for his sword at the place where he had marked the boat.

       

        The boat had moved but the sword had not. Is this not a very foolish way to look for a sword?

        Self-contradiction

        A man of the state of Chu had a spear and a shield for sale. He was loud in his praise of his shield. "My shield is so strong that nothing can pierce it through." He also sang praises of his spear. "My spear is so strong that it can pierce through anything." "What would happen," he was asked, "if your spear is used to pierce your shield?" It is impossible for an imperable shield to coexist with a spear that finds nothing imperable. n0 d9 p Z+ x/ M

        自相矛盾

        很久以前,楚国有个卖兵器的人,在市场上卖矛和盾。为了让人家愿意买他的货,他先举起盾向人们夸口道:“我的盾是世上最坚固的盾,任何锋利的东西都不能刺穿它。”接着又举起他的矛,向人吹嘘说:“你们再看看我的矛,它锋利无比,无坚不摧”人群中有人问道:“依你的说法,那就拿你的矛来刺你的盾吧,看看结果怎么样?” 卖兵器的人听了张口结舌,无从回答,只好拿着矛和盾走了。

2. 七下册四至六单元的四字成语带翻译语文ppt

        叹观止

        发 音 tàn wéi guān zhǐ

        释 义 叹:赞赏;观止:看够指赞美所见事物极点

        语名称戛止 语拼音jiá rán ér zhǐ 语解释声音突终止 (戛:拟声词

        本色行 读音 běn sè dāng háng 解释 做本行事绩十显著本色:物品原颜色; :助词应;行:háng连续贯穿 形容应保持原本色现用指做本行事绩十显著容嘹亮鸟鸣声;形容声音突止)

        石破惊

        山崩石裂惊势原形容箜篌声音忽高亢忽低沉意外难形容奇境比喻文章议论新奇惊

        进退维谷 (jìn tuì wéi gǔ)

        解释:维:;谷:穷指困境论进退都处困境

        词语:毛骨悚 拼音:máo gǔ sǒng rán 英文:Horror 俄文:Ужас

        解释

        悚:恐惧身毛发竖起脊梁骨发冷形容十恐惧 毛:发汗毛;骨:指脊背;悚:害怕毛发竖起;脊骨透寒形容非恐惧惊骇

        语伦 ( yǔ wú lún cì ) to talk nonsensibally 伦:条理 讲乱没条理

        lüè shèng yī chóu 略 胜 筹

        比较起略微些筹:筹码古代用计数工具用竹制 褒义

        略胜筹

        稍微点点 谦辞

        尽态极妍 发音 jìn tài jí yán 释义1.容貌姿态美丽娇艳极点 2.使仪态丽质充显示

        怏怏乐

        形容满意或高兴神情郁闷快

        叱咤风云释义叱咤:怒喝声声呼喊、怒喝使风云翻腾起形容威力极

        慷慨赴解释

        毫私、毫吝惜前往赴:前往

        相益彰

        解 释: 指两或两件事物互相配合使双能力、作用处能充展示益更加;彰显著 用 偏式;作谓语;含褒义、

        对于写作文这件事,我们一定要树立一个观点,那就是久久为功,就是说写好作文不是一天两天的事,需要长期的坚持,那种为了考试而应付的讨巧办法一般是很难奏效的。听起来,这好像很难一样,其实不然,只需要我们平时稍

        微多花一点时间在作文这件事情上。

3. 帮帮忙,把下面6个句子翻译成英语

        1, I fot to let you to munity service center.

        2, in checking machine before switch off the power supply is very important.

        3 and I don't know where I can find this button.

        4, fortunately, we had no more work to do.

        5, Helen nice to be seen China more than 20 provinces, municipalities.

        6, her career, now the biggest wish is married and have children.

4. 文学作品中描写人物的四字词,最好带英文翻译

        描写人物坚强的成语

        坚持不懈 锲而不舍 滴水穿石 持之以恒 绳锯木断 坚韧不拔

        描写人物外表的

        一表人才、风度翩翩,大腹便便,膀大腰园、披头散发、虎背熊腰、衣冠楚楚、相貌堂堂 、眉清目秀 、容光焕发 、美如冠玉 、冰清玉洁明眸皓齿 沉鱼落雁 道貌岸然 秀色可餐 国色天香 粉白黛黑 靡颜腻理 傅粉施朱 婀娜多姿 衣冠楚楚 亭亭玉立 雾鬓风鬟 鹤发童颜 鹤发鸡皮短小精悍 面黄肌瘦 面如土色 面红耳赤 面有菜色 蓬头垢面 囚首垢面 蓬头历齿 鸠形鹄面 铜筋铁骨 肠肥脑满 骨瘦如柴 药店飞龙大腹便便、健步如飞描写外貌的成语:闭月羞花 沉鱼落雁 出水芙蓉 明眸皓齿 美如冠玉 倾国倾城 国色天香 鹤发童颜 眉清目秀 和蔼可亲 心慈面善张牙舞爪 愁眉苦脸 冰清玉洁 雍容华贵 文质彬彬 威风凛凛 老态龙钟 虎背熊腰 如花似玉 容光焕发

        描写人物动作的

        健步如飞 扭头就跑 定睛一看 侧耳细听 冥思苦想 步履矫健 拔腿就跑

        目不转睛 听得入迷 挖空心思 大步流星 连蹦带跳 凝神注视 道听途说

        飞檐走壁 东奔西窜 怒目而视 大摇大摆 横冲直撞 左顾右盼 步履艰难

        飞似得跑 东张西望 一瘸一拐 奔走如飞 挤眉弄眼 匍匐前进 上窜下跳

        瞻前顾后 蹑手蹑脚 举目远望 步履轻盈 极目了望 走马看花 虎视眈眈

        眼明手快、眼疾手快、风驰电掣、电光石火、眼明手捷、雷厉风行、

        流星赶月、星驰电走、弩箭离弦、动如脱兔、放声痛哭、失声痛哭、

        痛哭流涕、声泪俱下、哭哭啼啼、泣不成声、哭爹叫娘、捶胸顿足、

        号啕大哭、抱头痛哭、点头微笑、抿着嘴笑、淡然一笑、手舞足蹈、

        大快朵颐、张牙舞爪、抓耳挠腮、面面相觑、嬉皮笑脸

        描写人物心灵纯洁的:

        洁白无瑕、

        白璧无瑕、

        冰清玉洁、

        洁白如玉

        描写人物神态的

        耳不旁听 扼腕兴嗟 意气自如 似醉如痴 如醉如狂 如痴如狂 丰度翩翩 怆天呼地 悠闲自在 自在:无拘无束。形容神态从容,无拘无束。

        悠然自得 雍容雅步

        描写景物的

        水天一色、郁郁葱葱、青山绿水 、山青水秀、湖光山色、江山如画 、春暖花开、春雨绵绵、桃红李白、百花争艳、春光明媚、桃红柳绿、蜂飞蝶舞、春意盎然、万紫千红、万物复苏、含苞欲放、花枝招展、五彩斑斓、桃红柳绿

        英文可以去“金山词霸”在线翻译去找找!

       惊弓之鸟

        Birds Startled by the Mere Twang of a Bowstring

        战国时期(公元前403―221年中国中原地区各诸侯国连年争战的时代)魏国有个名叫更羸的人。一天,他对国王说:“我只要拉开弓,空射一下,就能把天上的鸟射下来。”国王不相信。更羸便对准天上飞来的一只雁射去,果真那只雁听到拉弦的声音就掉了下来。国王感到很奇怪。更羸说,“那是一只受过伤的雁。它一听到我拉开弓弦的声响,就惊慌得支持不住,自然要掉下来了。”

        In the Warring States Period, there was a man in the State of Wei called Geng Lei. One day he said to the king: 'I can shoot down birds by simply plucking my bowstring.' When the king expressed doubt, Geng Lei pointed his bow at a wild goose flying in the sky, twanged the bowstring, and the goose fell to the ground. Geng Lei said, 'This goose has been hurt in the past. Hearing the twang of the bowstring, it assumed that it was doomed. So it simply gave up trying to live.'

        “惊弓之鸟”这个成语比喻受过惊恐之后,有一点动静就特别害怕。

        This idiom means that if one has been frightened in the past one's will may become paralysed in a similar situation.

       毛遂自荐

        Mao Sui Recommending Himself

        战国时代,秦国军队攻打赵国的都城。赵国的平原君打算亲自到楚国去请救兵,想挑选一个精明能干的人一同前去。有一个名叫毛遂的人,自告奋勇愿意同去。平原君到楚国后,与楚王谈了半天,没有一点结果。毛遂怒气冲冲地拿着宝剑,逼近楚王,终于迫使楚王答应出兵,与赵国联合共同抵抗秦国。

        In the Warring States Period, the State of Qin besieged the capital of the State of Zhao. Duke Pingyuan of Zhao planned to ask the ruler of the State of Chu personally for assistance. He wanted to select a capable man to go with him. A man called Mao Sui volunteered. When the negoti-actions between the two states were stalled because the ruler of Chu hesitated to send troops, Mao Sui approached him, brandishing a sword. At that, the ruler of Chu agreed to help Zhao, against Qin.

        “毛遂自荐”这个成语用来比喻自己推荐自己,不必别人介绍。

        This idiom means to recommend oneself.

       世外桃源

        A Haven of Peace and Happiness

        东晋的文学家陶渊明写了一片著名的文章叫《桃花源记》。叙述一个渔人出外捕鱼的时候,偶然来到了桃花源这个地方。从这里通过一个山洞,发现了一个村子,这里的居民是秦朝时避难人的后代。这是一个与世隔绝、没有剥削和压迫、人人安居乐业的美好社会。渔人告别村民回家以后,再也找不到这个地方了。

        Tao Yuanming, a famous writer of the Eastern Jin Dynasty (317-420), wrote the well-known essay Peach-Blossom Spring. In it he tells a story which goes like this: A fisherman happened to come upon a place called Peach-Blossom Spring. Squeezing through a cave, he found a village, the residents of which were descendants of refugees from the Qin Dynasty. It was a paradise isolated from the outside world, without exploitation or oppression, and everybody living and working in peace and contentment. The fisherman left the villagers and went home. But he could never find the place again.

        后来,由这个故事产生了“世外桃源”这个成语,用来比喻与世隔绝的、理想的美好世界。

        This idiom is derived from the above story, and is used to mean an isolated, ideal world.

       南辕北辙

        Going South by Driving the Chariot North

        从前有个人要到南方去,他坐的车子却向北方行驶。过路人说:“你去南方,车子怎么向北行驶呢?”他回答说:“我的马很能跑路,我的车夫驾车的技术也很高明,加上我又带了充足的路费。”这个人没有考虑到,方向弄反了,他的条件越好,离他要去的地方就越远。

        Once a man wanted to go to the south, but his carriage was heading north. A passer-by asked him: 'If you are going to the south, why is your chariot heading north? ' The man answered, 'My horse is good at running, my driver is highly skilled at driving a carriage, and I have enough money. ' The man didn't consider that the direction might be wrong; the better his conditions were, the further he was away from his destination.

        后来人们就把这个故事概括为“南辕北辙”,比喻一个人的行为和他的目的正好相反。

        The idiom derived from this story indicates that one's action was the opposite effect to one's intention.

       画龙点睛

        Putting the Finishing Touch to the Picture of a Dragon

        南北朝(公元420--589)时期,有个画家叫张僧繇。有一次,他到一个寺庙去游玩,在墙壁上面画了四条龙,可是都没有画出眼睛。看画的人觉得很奇怪,问他为什么不画出眼睛。他说:“眼睛是龙的关键,画上眼睛,龙就会飞走了。”大家不相信他说的话。张僧繇拿起笔来,刚给两条龙点上眼睛,立刻电闪雷鸣,两条龙飞向天空,墙上只剩下两条没有画眼睛的龙。

        In the Southern and Northern Dynasties Period (420-589), there was a painter called Zhang Sengyou. Once he visited a temple and painted on the wall four dragons, but gave none of them eyes. The onlookers felt that this was odd, and asked why he hadn't painted the eyes. He answered, 'Eyes are crucial for dragons. With the eyes painted on, the dragons would fly away.' Nobody believed this, so Zhang Sengyou took up his brush and added eyes to two of the dragons. No sooner had he finished than the two dragons flew into the sky amid a thunderstorm. The two without eyes stayed painted on the wall.

        “画龙点睛”这个成语用来比喻讲话或写文章时,在关键地方加一两句重要的话,使内容更加生动有力。

        This idiom is used to describe how, when writing or speaking, one or two key sentences will enhance the contents.

       画蛇添足

        Drawing a snake and Adding Feet

        战国时代有个楚国人祭他的祖先。仪式结束后,他拿出一壶酒赏给手下的几个人。大家商量说:“我们都来画蛇,谁先画好谁就喝这壶酒。”其中有一个人先画好了。但他看到同伴还没有画完,就又给蛇添上了脚。这时,另一个人也画好了,夺过酒壶吧酒喝了,并且说:“蛇本来是没有脚的,你怎么能给它添上脚呢?”

        In the Warring States Period, a man in the State of Chu was offering a sacrifice to his ancestors. After the ceremony, the man gave a beaker of wine to his servants. The servants thought that there was not enough wine for all them, and decided to each draw a picture of a snake; the one who finished the picture first would get the wine. One of them drew very rapidly. Seeing that the others were still busy drawing, he added feet to the snake. At this moment another man finished, snatched the beaker and drank the wine, saying, 'A snake doesn't have feet. How can you add feet to a snake? '

        “画蛇添足”这个成语比喻做了多余而不恰当的事,反而把事情弄糟了。

        This idiom refers to ruining a venture by doing unnecessary and surplus things.

       班门弄斧

        Showing Off One's Proficiency with the Axe Before Lu Ban the Master Carpenter

        古代有一个建筑和雕刻技术非常高超的人,名叫鲁班,木匠行里尊称他为祖师。传说他曾用木头制作了一只五彩斑斓的凤凰,能够在空中飞翔三天不掉下来。在鲁班门前摆弄斧子,当然显得有些自不量力了。

        Lu Ban was supposed to be a consummate carpenter in ancient times. It is said that he once carved a wooden phoenix that was so lifelike that it actually flew in the sky for three days. Thus it was considered the height of folly to show off one's skill with an axe in front of Lu Ban.

        “班门弄斧”这个成语,用来比喻在行家面前显示本领。

        This idiom excoriates those who show off their slight accomplishments in front of experts.

       可爱多 2005-6-13 08:38

       怒发冲冠

        So Angry That One' s Hair Lifts Up One' s Hat

        战国时代,赵国的大臣蔺相如出使到秦国。在他向秦王索回玉璧的时候,秦王蛮不讲理,蔺相如气愤得连头发都竖了起来,向上冲着帽子。

        In the Warring States Period, Lin Xiangru, chief min-ister of the State of Zhao, was sent as an envoy to the State of Qin to ask the ruler of Qin to return a fine piece of jade to Zhao. But the ruler of Qin was rude and unreasonable. Lin was angry, and his hair stood up so stiffly on his head that it lifted up his hat.

        后来人们用“怒发冲冠”这个成语形容人愤怒到了极点。

        This idiom came to be used to mean being extremely angry.

       画饼充饥

        Allaying Hunger with Pictures of Cakes

        三国时代魏国的皇帝曹睿,准备选拔一个有才能的人到朝廷来做官。曹睿对他的大臣说:“选择人才,不能光找有虚名的人。虚名好像是在地上画的一块饼,只能看,不能解决肚子饥饿的问题啊!”

        In the Three Kingdoms Period (220-280), the king of the Wei, Cao Rui, wanted to select a very capable man to work for him. He said to his ministers: 'When choosing a talented person, always beware of one with a false reputation. A false reputation is just like a picture of a cake; it can' t relieve hunger.'

        后来人们就用“画饼充饥”这个成语比喻用空想安慰自己,不能解决实际问题。

        Later, this idiom came to be used to mean comforting oneself with unrealistic thoughts, without solving practical problems.

       一鸣惊人

        Amazing the World with a Single Feat

        战国时代,齐威王即位后做了三年国君,只顾享乐,不理政事。有个善于说笑话的人叫淳于髡,一天对齐威王说:“城里有一只大鸟,三年不飞也不叫,你知道这是什么道理?”齐威王说:“这鸟不飞则罢,一飞就冲天;不鸣则罢,一鸣就惊人。”在淳于髡的激发下,齐威王开始治理国家,取得很大成绩,齐国的声威一直保持了几十年。

        In the Warring States Period, Duke Wei of Qi neglected state affairs, for the first three years of his reign, giving himself over to dissipation. One of his ministers, Chun Yukun who had a good sense of humour, said to him: 'There is a big bird which has neither taken wing nor sung for three years.' The duke answered, 'Once that bird starts to fly and sing, it will astonish the world.' The duke thereupon devoted himself to his duties and built his state up into a powerful one.

        “一鸣惊人”用来表示平时默默无闻,一旦行动起来,却做出惊人的成绩。

        This idiom is used to indicate that a person may rise from obscurity and achieve greatness.

       株待兔

        Sitting by a Stump, Waiting for a Careless Hare

        春秋时代,宋国有个农夫,一天在耕田的时候,忽然跑来一只兔子,恰巧碰在树桩上,脖子折断死了。农夫把兔子拾回家去,美美地吃了一顿兔肉。晚上他想:“我何必辛辛苦苦地种地呢?每天在树下能捡到一只兔子就够我吃的了。”于是,他从此不再耕作,每天坐在树下等待兔子的到来。

        In the Spring and Autumn Period, a farmer in the State of Song was one day working in the fields when he saw a rabbit bump into a tree stump accidentally and break its neck. The farmer took the rabbit home, and cooked himself a delicious meal. That night he thought, 'I needn't work so hard. All I have to do is wait for a rabbit each day by the stump.' So from then on he gave up farming, and simply sat by the stump waiting for rabbits to come and run into it.

        “守株待兔”这个成语,讥笑那些不想经过努力,存在侥幸心理,希望得到意外收获的人。

        This idiom satirizes those who just wait for a stroke of luck, rather than making efforts to obtain what they need.

       Zengzi Slaughters a Pig

       曾子杀彘

       engzi’s wife was going to the market. Her little son insisted on going with her, making a tearful scene. “Stay at home,” she said to the boy. “When I come back, I will slaughter a pig for you.” When she came back, Zengzi got ready to slaughter the pig. His wife stopped him, saying: “I was just kidding.” “A child is not to be kidded like that!” he replied. “A child does not know much and cannot judge for himself. He learns from his parents and listens to what they day. To lie to him is to teach him to lie to others. If a mother lies to her son, he will not trust her anymore. How is she then to educate him?” With that Zengzi went to slaughter the pig and prepare a good meal for their son.

       曾子的妻子到集市上去, 他的儿子哭着要跟去. 他的母亲说: “你回家呆着,待会儿我回来杀猪给你吃.” 她刚从集市上回来, 曾子就要捉猪去杀. 妻子劝止他说: “只不过是跟孩子开玩笑罢了.” 曾子说: “不能跟孩子开玩笑啊! 小孩子没有思考和判断能力, 要想父母亲学习, 听从父母的教导. 现在你欺骗他,这是教孩子骗人啊! 母亲欺骗儿子, 儿子就不再相信自己的母亲了, 这不是实现教育的方法.” 于是曾子就杀猪煮肉给孩子吃.

       狐假虎威

        Basking in Reflected Glory

        老虎在山林里捉到了一只狐狸,要吃掉它。狐狸连忙说:“你不能吃我,我是天帝派来统治百兽的。你要吃了我,就违抗了天帝的命令。你不信,就跟我到山林里去一趟,看百兽见了我是不是都很害怕。”老虎相信了狐狸的话,就跟在狐狸的后面走进山林。百兽见了果然都纷纷逃命。老虎以为百兽真的害怕狐狸而不知道是害怕自己,于是就把狐狸给放了。

        A tiger caught a fox in a forest, and was just about to eat it, when the fox said, 'You mustn't eat me. I was sent by Heaven to rule the animals. By eating me, you will violate the command of Heaven. If you don't believe me, just follow me to see whether the animals are afraid of me.' The tiger agreed, and followed the fox as it walked around the forest. The animals all ran away on seeing them. The tiger thought they were afraid of the fox, so he let it go. He didn't realise that it was him that the beasts were really afraid of.

        “狐假虎威”这个成语用来比喻倚仗别人的势力去欺压人或吓唬人。

        This idiom means relying on another's power to bully or frighten others.

       破镜重圆

        A Broken Mirror Made Whole Agian

        南朝陈国(公元557-589)将要灭亡的时候,驸马徐德言把一面铜镜破开,跟妻子各留下一半。双方约定:如果将来夫妻失散了,就把它当作信物。后来,夫妻二人真的失散了,凭借着各人留下的半面镜子,他们最终又得到团圆。

        In the Northern and Southern Dynasties when the State of Chen (A.D. 557-589) was facing its demise, Xu Deyan, husband of the princess, broke a bronze mirror into halves. Each of them kept a half as tokens in case they were separated. Soon afterwards, they did lose touch with each other, but the two halves of the mirror enabled them to be reunited.

        “破镜重圆”这个成语比喻夫妻失散或分离后重新团聚。

        This idiom is used to refer to the reunion of a couple after they lose touch or break up.

       一鼓作气

        Rousing the Spirits with the First Drum Roll

        春秋时代,齐国派兵攻打鲁国。鲁国的国王鲁庄公带着谋士曹刿指挥作战。齐军第一次击鼓以后,鲁军准备发起进攻。曹刿说:“不行。”齐军三次击鼓以后,曹刿才说:“现在可以进攻了。”结果齐军大败。战斗结束后,鲁庄公问曹刿胜利的原因。曹刿说:“打仗要考勇气。第一次击鼓,士气十分旺盛;第二次击鼓,士气有些衰落;第三次击鼓,士气就消耗尽了。敌人士气耗尽,我们发起进攻,所以取得了胜利。”

        During the Spring and Autumn Period, an army from the State of Qi confronted one from the State of Lu. After the first roll of drums from the Qi side to summon Lu to battle, the Lu ruler wanted to attack. But his counsellor Cao Gui said, 'We should wait until the third drum roll, sire.' After the Qi side had beaten the drums three times, the Lu army attacked and defeated the Qi army. After the battle, the king asked Cao Gui the reason for his odd advice. Cao Gui answered, 'Fighting needs spirit. Their spirit was aroused by the first roll or the drums, but was depleted by the second. And it was completely exhausted by the third. We started to attack when their spirit was exhausted. That's why we won.'

        后来,“一鼓作气”形容鼓起劲头,一下子把事情干完。

        This idiom later meant to get something done with one sustained effort.

       好了,今天关于“英文讲成语故事”的话题就讲到这里了。希望大家能够通过我的介绍对“英文讲成语故事”有更全面、深入的认识,并且能够在今后的实践中更好地运用所学知识。